On the other hand, if you’re the merchant, then you would be the one offering an affiliate program and rewarding publishers for driving sales with commissions. Ta-da! You’ve just learned the basics of affiliate marketing.
But that’s just a high-level overview. To get a better understanding of the world of affiliate marketing, let’s break it down.
There are five main players: the merchants (which can also be known as “retailers” or “brands”), the affiliate networks, affiliate aggregators, the publisher and, finally, the customer.
Affiliate aggregators, such as Skimlinks, combine programs from dozens of different affiliate networks (allowing their clients to work with thousands of affiliate programs just by signing up with Skimlinks).
The benefit of all these players is that publishers are the ones that get rewarded by writing content that drives sales to the merchant and the customers are, typically, those who complete the purchases.
The preferred method to reward publishers is CPA (cost per action), which means that whenever a publisher drives an action, such as a sale, the merchant will reward that publisher, usually by giving a percentage of the value of the sale.
Other methods may also be used such as PPC (pay per click), up to some extent, banner advertising, content marketing, among others. However, what typically distinguishes affiliate marketing from other types of marketing is that it is intimately connected to the idea of performance, i.e. the merchant will only reward a publisher whenever an action happens, let it be a sale, a click or other action that the merchant may be interested to see.